10 July 2019

WHAT IS GLYCOLIC ACID AND WHAT IT DOES TO YOUR SKIN


You must have heard Glycolic Acid over a thousand times already as its a popular ingredient in skincare products nowadays. In its raw state, glycolic acid is a powder made up of colorless crystals that have no scent. It is known that Glycolic acid offers many benefits to the skin, from rejuvenating to moisturizing but do you know what it actually does to the skin? If you're looking into a product that promotes Glycolic Acid as the main ingredient, I'll be doing a short summary on Glycolic Acid and what it does to your skin for your understanding, so keep on reading. This might probably help you to purchase products based on Glycolic Acid.


What is Glycolic Acid?

Glycolic acid is an ingredient derived from plants, such as sugar cane, pineapple, and sugar beet, which does a number of beneficial things for the skin. Glycolic acid is a commonly used alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) which most of you should be familiar with already. It's considered to be part of that acid family.


What exactly does Glycolic Acid do? 
They say its the holy grail of Exfoliation!
AHA is widely known to help remove dead cells on the surface of the skin. This results in dead skin cells unable to mix with sebum which leads to clogged pores. With the help of Glycolic acid, it speeds up this process which enables the skin to stay healthy. When the skin is healthy it’s great at fighting off breakouts. Which is also why Glycolic Acid is known to be one of the best ingredients to treat acne, its like a booster for one of the body’s most important acne-fighting functions.

The Benefits of Glycolic Acid 
1. Suitable For All Skin Types
Not only focused on those with acne-prone skin, in fact, Glycolic Acid is also suitable for all. 
No matter what skin type you have, this exfoliating acid should do no harm as long as you use it properly. It's even safe enough to use on sensitive skins. Glycolic Acid can be used in our daily skincare products, without causing any irritation. This is particularly popular in facial washes and cleansers, bringing along rejuvenating benefits from the first step of the cleansing routine It's also said to be safe to use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.

2. Makes Skin Glow
One of the reasons we all wear skincare is of course to see results and naturally, we all want our skin to glow. Glycolic Acid works by gently dissolving the “glue” that makes old skin cells stick to the epidermis which then leads to radiant and glowing skin. 

3. Treats Acne
As mentioned already, Glycolic Acid is one of the 'it' ingredients to treat acne. It's known to penetrate deep into the skin to address cystic and regular breakouts, but it helps increase cell turnover, accelerates healing, and fades acne scars.

4. Refines Pores
It also helps to unclog, refine, and diminish the appearance of enlarged pores by dissolving makeup, dirt, oil, and excess sebum. Remember, healthy pores, leads to healthy skin which combats acne.



5. Combats Signs of Aging
Studies show that skincare with Glycolic Acid in it assists with boosting collagen production, which is great for plumping up the skin. Collagen is a vital structural protein that helps the skin tissue remain firm. At low strengths, glycolic acid is the key ingredient to look out for when it comes to shopping anti-aging moisturizers or face masks. That's the reason glycolic acid is widely used in chemical peels and anti-aging topicals.

6. Fades Discoloration
If you suffer from dull, pigmented or aging skin, look to invest in a once a week exfoliating treatment or an at-home peel product infused with Glycolic Acid.  It can transfer water molecules from the air into the skin tissue, replenishing any lost moisture. This makes it an effective ingredient in moisturizers when used at low strengths. Since glycolic acid sloughs off the top layer of the skin, it can help fade and even pigmentation, brown spots, and melasma.

7. Improves texture
Glycolic acid is a skin smoothing miracle worker. This chemical exfoliant revs up cellular turnover to resurface and retexturize skin, leaving it noticeably softer and smoother.

That's mostly it, but also take not on this:

Risks on Glycolic Acid
All AHA's can cause mild irritation on very sensitive skin. It's recommended to use in concentrations less than 10% which you’ll find in most acne medications. Most people use them without issues but if your skin shows negative reactions, please stop using it right away.
Dermatologists recommend using sunscreens every time you go outside, but it is particularly important if you are using a glycolic acid product to put it on because it can make the skin extra sensitive to sunlight.

Overall, Glycolic Acid is a super-exfoliator that gets rid of dead skin cells so they can’t clog your pores. The hydration and healing qualities of glycolic acid help with the appearance of post-acne marks and discoloration and keep your skin smooth, resilient and healthy-looking. Thus, Glycolic Acid should be able to help with recovering cyst acne too if you're experiencing it.
I happened to test it out on myself. Read below to see the results.


Hope this post was informative for you.
Till then peeps!

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